|Africa launches ‘No REDD in Africa Network’
Africa has taken a historic decision to launch the ‘No REDD in Africa Network’ and join the global movement against Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation (REDD).
The ‘No REDD in Africa Network’ initiative was established by the participants at the World Social Forum in Tunisia on Sunday.
Nobel Prize Laureate and former Executive Director of ERA/Friends of the Earth Nigeria Nnimmo Bassey, said that “REDD is no longer just a false solution, but a new form of colonialism.
“In Africa, REDD+ is emerging as a new form of colonialism, economic subjugation and a driver of land grabs so massive that they may constitute a continent grab. We launch the No REDD in Africa Network to defend the continent from carbon colonialism,” Bassey said.
According to him “In the UN-REDD Framework Document, the United Nations itself admits that REDD could result in the “lock-up of forests,” “loss of land” and “new risks for the poor.”
REDD has been blamed for the rampant land grabs and neocolonialism in Africa.
REDD+ is a carbon offset mechanism whereby industrialized Northern countries use forests, agriculture, soils and even water as sponges for their pollution instead of reducing greenhouse gas emissions at source.
REDD originally just included forests but its scope has been expanded to include soils and agriculture.
In a teach-in session on Sunday, at the World Social Forum Tunis, members of the La Via Campesina, the world’s largest peasant movement, expressed concerned that REDD projects in Africa would threaten food security and could eventually cause hunger.
A recent Via Campesina study on the N’hambita REDD project in Mozambique found that thousands of farmers were paid meagre amounts for seven years for tending trees. The contract is for 99 years and if the farmer dies his or her children and their children must tend the trees for free.
“This constitutes carbon slavery,” denounced the emerging No REDD in Africa Network. The N’hambita project was celebrated by the UN on the website for Rio+20, the Earth Summit held in Rio de Janeiro last year.
“We as Africans need to go beyond the REDD problem to forging a solution.The last thing Africa needs is a new form of colonialism,” Mercia Andrews of Rural Women’s Assembly of Southern Africa emphasised.
The nascent No REDD in Africa Network say REDD and carbon forest projects are resulting in massive evictions, servitude, slavery, persecutions, killings, and imprisonment.
Africans from Nigeria, South Africa, Mali, Niger, Senegal, Mozambique, Tunisia, Democratic Republic of Congo, Kenya and Tanzania participated in the launch of the No REDD in Africa Network.
According to The New York Times, over 22,000 farmers with land deeds were violently evicted for a REDD-type project in Uganda in 2011 and Friday Mukamperezida, an eight-year-old boy was killed when his home was burned to the ground.
‘REDD could cause genocide’
The Global Alliance of Indigenous Peoples and Local Communities on Climate Change against REDD and for Life hailed the birth of the NO REDD in Africa Network.
Tom Goldtooth, the Director of the Indigenous Environmental Network says “the initiative signals a growing resistance against REDD throughout the world.
“We know REDD could cause genocide and we are delighted that the Africans are taking a stand to stop what could be the biggest land grab of all time.” He said.